The town of China is in eastern Kennebec County, on the western branch of the Sheepscot River.
The towns of Winslow and Albion neighbor China to the north, as do Vassalboro to the west, Windsor to the south, and Palermo to the east. Ten miles southwest is the state capital, Augusta.
China was originally settled as Jones' Plantation in 1774. It was first incorporated as Harlem in 1796, but was later reformed to include parts of Albion and Winslow, and reincorporated as China in 1818. In 1829, part of its land was given to Vassalboro.
The town is considered to have been named after the hymn Jesus Loves Me, which was titled China in some hymnals at the time, possibly because of its popularity with missionaries who traveled to that country.
Some of The Town of China's first settlers were Baptists and Quakers. Their original churches, The Baptist Church on China Lake and The South China Meetinghouse (on the National Register of Historic Places) still stand. Members of these religious faiths also founded summer camps for youths, which still operate today, China Lake Baptist Camp and Friends Camp.
In the 1800s, China was primarily a farming and industrial community, with brickyards, sawmills, gristmills, shingle mills, tanneries, shoe factories, and a cheese factory. A fire in 1872 burned 22 buildings and an avenue of elm trees, destroying some of the town's beauty and its prosperity.
The town contains four villages: China Village in the north, Weeks Mills in the southeast, Branch Mills in the east -- both on the western branch of The Sheepscot River -- and South China, at the south end of China Lake.
China Lake extends from the north line of the town to the southwest, near Three Mile Pond. A passage called "The Narrows" connects the eastern and western halves of the lake; the western part extends into Vassalboro.
With the natural beauty of its lake and Three Mile Pond, surrounded by many summer camps and cottages, and the town's closeness to other areas, China is both a resort and a bedroom community.
Maine U.S. Representative John E. Nelson (1922 to 1933) was born in China, as were businessman, inventor, and founder of L.S. Starrett Company, Laroy Sunderland Starrett, and Quaker educator and author Rufus M. Jones. The late Irish author and software developer Brendan Kehoe grew up in China.
4,328 (2010 U.S. Census)
The Town of China is part of The Messalonskee School District, with Sidney, Belgrade, Oakland, and Rome (RSU 18).
- China Primary School (pre-Kindergarten through 4th grade)
- China Middle School (grades 5 through 8)
- Erskine Academy - This private high school in South China serves nearly 700 students in the town and in eight surrounding communities.
- China Community Days (the first Friday, Saturday, and Sunday in August); festivities include fireworks and a Youth Fishing Derby (ages 15 and younger)
Other Points of Interest:
- Albert Church Brown Memorial Library - The public library of China Village.
- China Youth League - softball and baseball
- The Town Line - This free weekly newspaper based in South China serves Central Maine.
Other Sites on The National Register of Historic Places:
- South China Library - The oldest continuously operating library in Maine.
- Pendle Hill, Rufus Jones's summer cottage, cabin, and grounds, off Maine Route 202 overlooking China Lake.
- Abel Jones House, off Maine Route 202 - Built by Jones's grandfather, it was where Rufus was born and raised until age 16.
- Pond Meeting House 1807-1907, on Maine Route 202 - This Quaker meetinghouse is one of the oldest structures in China; Jones attended it in his early years.
- Eli and Sybil Jones House - The home of Rufus's aunt and uncle, who influenced him in his life of public service.
- China Village Historic District, Maine Route 9 - The houses in this section of town feature 19th century Greek Revival and Federal style architecture.
- Bradley Island - an island owned by the town
- China Lake
- Three Mile Pond
- Four Seasons Club, on Lakeview Drive, which offers a beach area and maintains ATV and snowmobile trails
- Thurston Park, a 380-acre forest site located in the northeast corner of China next to Yorktown Road, offers access to trails.
China Town Office 571 Lakeview Drive China, ME 04358 Phone: (207) 445-2014 Fax: (207) 445-3208 Website: https://www.china.govoffice.com/
- China (Me.). Town Council, "China Comprehensive Plan" (2008). Maine Town Documents. Paper 217.
- Coolidge, Austin Jacobs and Mansfield, John Brainard. A.J. Coolidge, 1859. A History and Description of New England, General and Local. China. pg. 93.
- Hymnary.org. 571. Jesus Loves Me, This I Know.
- Kingsbury, Henry D; Deyo, Simeon L., editors. Illustrated History of Kennebec County, Maine: 1625-1799-1892. Town of China. New York: H.W. Blake & Co. 1892.
- Maine: An Encyclopedia. China.
- National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form.
- Town of China, Maine.
- Varney, George J. A Gazetteer of the State of Maine: History of China, Maine. Boston: B.B. Russell. 1886.
- Wikipedia. China, Maine.